💼 The EB-1 and EB-2 green card processes are two of the five categories of employment-based immigration in the United States. Both processes allow foreign nationals to receive lawful permanent residence, also known as a green card, which gives them the right to live and work in the United States. Both EB-1 and EB-2 have the opportunity for the foreign applicant to self-sponsor herself. However, there are important differences between the two processes.
👉 The biggest difference between the EB-1 and EB-2 processes is the type of workers that they are designed for. The EB-1 process is for those considered to have “extraordinary ability” or who meet certain other criteria. These include outstanding researchers, professors, multinational executives and managers, and those with “exceptional ability” in the sciences, arts, or business. The EB-2 process is designed for those with “advanced degrees” or with “exceptional ability” in the sciences, arts, or business, but who don’t qualify for the EB-1 category.
👉The other main difference between the EB-1 and EB-2 processes is the amount of time it takes for an application to be approved. The EB-1 process is much faster than the EB-2 process, as applicants are often able to get their green cards within a few months. In contrast, the EB-2 process can take several years to complete, as applicants must first obtain a labor certification from the U.S. Department of Labor.
📍In addition to the above differences, there are a few other important distinctions between the EB-1 and EB-2 processes. For example, the EB-2 process requires applicants to have a job offer from a U.S. employer, while the EB-1 process does not. Additionally, the EB-1 process does not require applicants to have a labor certification, while the EB-2 process does.
📣 Finally, the EB-1 process requires applicants to demonstrate that they are “sustained national or international acclaim,” while the EB-2 process requires applicants to demonstrate that they have an “advanced degree” or “exceptional ability” in their field.
Overall, the EB-1 and EB-2 green card processes are both pathways to permanent residence in the United States. However, there are important differences between the two processes, including the type of workers they are designed for, the amount of time it takes for an application to be approved, and the requirements for each process. Understanding these differences can make or break your Green Card process.
At the end of the day, you have to figure out what option best suits your background and build the case one piece of evidence at a time. From recommendation letters, to articles, from a well-crafted resume to a proper evaluation of your education – every page matters.
Make sure you have the best attorneys for EB-1 and EB-2 processes on your side!